The aim of this study was to investigate the changes to spinopelvic sagittal alignment following minimally invasive (MIS) lumbar interbody fusion, and the influence of such changes on postoperative discharge disposition.
The Michigan Spine Surgery Improvement Collaborative was queried for all patients who underwent transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF)or lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) procedures for degenerative spine disease. Several spinopelvic sagittal alignment parameters were measured, including sagittal vertical axis (SVA), lumbar lordosis, pelvic tilt, pelvic incidence, and pelvic incidence-lumbar lordosis mismatch. Primary outcome measure-discharge to a rehabilitation facility-was expressed as adjusted odds ratio (ORadj) following a multivariable logistical regression.
Of the 83 patients in the study population, 11 (13.2%) were discharged to a rehabilitation facility. Preoperative SVA was equivalent. Postoperative SVA increased to 8.0 cm in the discharge-to-rehabilitation division versus a decrease to 3.6 cm in the discharge-to-home division (P<0.001). The odds of discharge to a rehabilitation facility increased by 25% for every 1-cm increase in postoperative sagittal balance (ORadj =1.27, P=0.014). The strongest predictor of discharge to rehabilitation was increasing decade of life (ORadj =3.13, P=0.201).
Correction of sagittal balance is associated with greater odds of discharge to home. These findings, coupled with the recognized implications of admission to a rehabilitation facility, will emphasize the importance of spine surgeons accounting for SVA into their surgical planning of MIS lumbar interbody fusions.
Alignment; axis; balance; discharge; sagittal.