Epiduroscopic laser neural decompression (ELND) is one of the more invasive techniques for managing patients with herniated lumbar disc. However, ELND can be used to treat, and diagnose the epidural pathology; indications for ELND remain controversial, especially, when applied in cases of large disc extrusion and migrated disc. This paper reports cases of patients that were satisfied with the ELND procedure for migrated lumbar disc herniation.
We reviewed the medical records of patients that received ELND for migrated lumbar disc in an outpatient clinic. The patients complained of low back pain with radicular pain with an intensity over 5 on a numeric rating scale (NRS) that had persisted for over 1 month. The Magnetic resonance imaging (MRIs) showed migrated lumbar disc herniation, and patients opted for ELND because they had previously experienced nerve blocks, and did not want to receive open surgery for their pain, even after the limitations of ELND were explained.
Patients reported that their pain was dramatically reduced, and other discomfort symptoms, such as numbness, were also reduced after the procedure. In follow-up, all of the patients were satisfied with the results.
We applied the ENLD procedure to mechanically, remove disc material that compressed the spinal nerve, and the patients were satisfied, and reported symptom relief. ELND was a sufficient treatment approach for lumbar migrated herniated disc for patients who did not want to undergo open spine surgery.