To examine the risk factors of proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) after surgery for adult spinal deformity (ASD) focusing on rod contour.
Sixty-three patients with ASD who underwent surgery using lateral lumbar interbody fusion and percutaneous pedicle screws were analyzed. Fixation range was from the lower thoracic spine to the pelvis in all cases. Patients were divided into two groups. The PJK group consisted of 16 patients with PJK. The non-PJK group had 47 patients without PJK. We examined various spinopelvic parameters and parameters related to rod contour.
Among the various spinal and pelvic parameters, those in the PJK group were significantly larger in terms of preoperative SVA and were significantly smaller in terms of postoperative “PI-LL.” For parameters related to rod contour, the rod kyphotic curve at the thoracic spine in the PJK group was significantly less than that in the non-PJK group. The inclination of the pedicle screw at the upper instrumented vertebra (UIV) was significantly more cranial in the PJK group than in the non-PJK group. The kyphotic curve of the rod at the UIV was more parallel in the PJK group than in the non-PJK group. On logistic regression analysis, insufficient kyphotic curve at the thoracic spine along with UIV and overcorrection of the lumbar spine were identified as significant risk factors.
Insufficient kyphotic curve of the rod in the thoracic spine along with UIV and overcorrection of the lumbar spine were noted as significant risk factors of PJK.
Adult spinal deformity; Lateral lumbar interbody fusion; Percutaneous pedicle screw; Proximal junctional kyphosis; Rod contour.